dr. I. (Yannis) Tzaninis
Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences
Programme group: Political Sociology: Power, Place and Difference
Nieuwe Achtergracht 166
1001 NA Amsterdam
Mixed classes And Pedagogical Solutions (MAPS)
Urban and school segregation in cities result in diversification of the actual educational environments, where children study and spend their time in urban schools. Especially in (lower-)secondary education the levels of school segregation have increased in the capital areas of Finland, Iceland and the Netherlands. How about in (pre-)primary schools? Mixed classes And Pedagogical Solutions (MAPS) intends to offer a comparative view on policies and practices of inclusion in (pre-)primary education.
The project will approach educational inclusion from a holistic and an intersectional perspective highlighting ethnicity, social class, gender, and educational needs when comparing the three cities: Helsinki, Reykjavik and Amsterdam. The proposed study contributes to the research literature dealing with social justice in education, policies and practices of ethnic and social mixing, mixed ability-grouping and learning, and teachers' pedagogical solutions in socially diverse educational environments. Given that pupils educational experiences contribute mightily to societal cohesion and stability via socialising, discussion of such arrangements culminate in questions about teaching children with different social backgrounds and educational needs together or separately; whether to introduce socially segregating policies and practices, or to promote inclusive education.
This comparative study aims to provide in-depth understanding on how the policies and practices of inclusion are formulated (macro), interpreted (meso) and articulated (micro) in the everyday-life in schools with socially and educationally mixed pupil compositions. The main research question is, how are different policies and processes of inclusion embedded and applied in socially, ethnically and educationally mixed (pre-)primary schools in Finland, Iceland and the Netherlands, and what are their social and pedagogical implications in the everyday-practices in schools? The analysis is constructed on literature review, policy-analysis, quantitative analysis on existing register data, and school ethnographies. The main hypothesis is that the policies of inclusive education remain relative and are articulated and implemented in local contexts in such ways that the simultaneous investigation of educational policies, local and school-level grouping practices, and class-room cultures is required in order to grasp the different manifestations of inclusive education, which may contribute to socially just education.
State-of-the-art Paper and Workshop
Although conceptually influential and robust empirically, the field of Urban Political Ecology has, thus far, focused mainly on traditional cities and the way these have been metabolically linked and networked with resource flows and ecological processes. Questions of climate change, resilience and smart urbanization have recently become part of these discussions, and the New Urban Agenda adopted by the UN Habitat 2016 conference confirmed the centrality of cities in addressing policy challenges around climate change. However, as fellow researchers Angelo and Wachsmuth (2015) have recently quipped in an influential paper, the question “why does everybody think cities can save the world” still requires a qualified conceptually robust and empirically substantiated answer. Kaika (2017) has recently argued that the importance of focusing on cities needs to be coupled by a caution of avoiding the trap of seeking purely technical solutions for socio-ecological problems faced in today’s urban regions.
A key question arises from these recent debates: How can we mobilize the tradition of landscape ecology and urban political ecology to face the environmental challenges of an increasingly a suburban planet (Connolly; Keil)? We propose to take up this challenge with particular focus on the new suburban forms and processes that have been identified through the 'Global Suburbanisms' (MCRI) project in order to address the following key questions:
What are the ecological consequences of “extended urbanization”, “postsuburbanization” and simply “sprawl”? (How) can suburban forms and processes – often considered prime contributors to climate change – contribute to abatement and adaptation?
With the above framework and questions in focus, a workshop will be held in Amsterdam, co-hosted by Professor Maria Kaika, a leading expert in Urban Political Ecology. The workshop will bring together a small group of MCRI associated researchers and guests who are leading experts in the field of UPE and climate change policy (Erik Swyngedouw, Martin Hajer) to lay out a plan for a larger follow-up research project on the theme of suburban political ecologies (SPEs). This research will be conceptual and theoretical as we continue to decentre the core-oriented UPE; but it will also engage empirical research in Europe, Africa, China, India, Australia and North America.
- refereed (2)
- academic (1)
- professional (4)
- popular scientific (5)
- other output (3)
- recognitions (2)
- doctoral thesis (1)
- Tzaninis, I. (2015). Building sand castles in Dutch suburbia: from new-frontier pioneering to diversifying aspirations. Built Environment, 41(4), 550-566. [details]
- Tzaninis, I., Pratsinakis, E., & Geljon, C. (2010). Social housing and ethnic minorities in the Netherlands in Ponzo I. (ed) Immigrant integration policies and housing policies: The hidden links. Torino: FIERI.
- Tzaninis, I. (2017). The 'Divine' Struggle of Building Utopias. MONU, (26).
- Tzaninis, I. (2017). Understanding social justice: A relational perspective: review of the book Justice and Fairness in the City by Davoudi and Bell, eds. Rooilijn, 50(4).
- Rath, J., van de Kamp, M., Slootman, M., & Tzaninis, I. (2014). Issues of ‘Normalcy' around Social and Spatial Mobility: Final Report of the NICIS/Platform31 Research Program ‘Social Mobility: Individuals, Groups, Neighborhoods’. Amsterdam: Universiteit van Amsterdam. [details]
- Rath, J., van de Kamp, M., Slootman, M., & Tzaninis, I. (2013). Een ander verhaal: nieuwe inzichten over sociale en ruimtelijke mobiliteit in Nederland. Den Haag: Platform31. [details]
- Tzaninis, I. (2015). From "huis" to "huis" we reclaim the university. International Viewpoint.
- Tzaninis, I. (2013). Ενθάδε κείται η κοινωνία (Here lies Society). Λεύγα (levga.gr).
- Tzaninis, I. (2013). Ελληνική δημοκρατία... 40 ετών (Eliniki Demokratia 40 eton - 40-year old Greek democracy). Το Βήμα (To Vima).
- Tzaninis, I. (2013). Gouden Dageraad: van pestkop naar knokploeg. Grenzeloos.
- Tzaninis, I. (2013). The Rise of the Golden Dawn: The New Face of Fascism in Greece. Counterpunch, 4-5.
- Tzaninis, I. (2013). "This is the Melting Pot!": Changes of the Expectations and Aspirations of Almere’s Newcomers. Abstract from The Cultures of the Suburbs International Research Network: Second Symposium. Out of Control Suburbs? Comparing Representations of Order, Disorder and Sprawl, .
- Tzaninis, I. (2013). Scarcities in Space and the Suburb in Motion: from Amsterdam to Almere and back again. Abstract from 2013 AAG Annual Meeting, Los Angeles, California, .
- van Duin, L., Tzaninis, I., Snel, E., & Lindo, F. (2011). Marginality and stigmatization: identifying with the neighbourhood in Rotterdam. Paper presented at Annual RC21 Conference 2011: The struggle to belong. Dealing with diversity in 21st century urban settings, . [details]
Talk / presentation
- Tzaninis, I. (speaker) (1-7-2014). Sand Castles In Almere: From New - Frontier Pioneering To Diversifying Suburban Mobility, European Network for Housing Research Conference - Scotland, Edinburgh.
- Tzaninis, I. (speaker) & van Duin, L. (speaker) (7-7-2011). Marginality and stigmatization: identifying with the neighbourhood in Rotterdam, Paper presented at Annual RC21 Conference 2011 (The struggle to belong. Dealing with diversity in 21st century urban settings), Amsterdam.
- Tzaninis, I. (2016). Building Utopias on Sand: The production of space in Almere and the future of suburbia [details]