Dr D.J. (Joost) Berkhout
Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences
Programme group: Challenges to Democratic Representation
Nieuwe Achtergracht 166 Room number: B10.10
1001 NB Amsterdam
- Onderzoek en onderwijs
- PhD positions in Interest Group Politics
- Ancillary activities
Joost Berkhout is universitair docent en werkt aan het onderzoeksproject ‘Belangengroepen in West-Europa in kaart gebracht’ (NWO-Veni beurs, 2013-2017). Dit project gaat over belangenbehartiging door organisaties zoals vakbonden, denktanks, gemeentes, bedrijven, burgerinitiatieven, beroepsorganisaties, werkgeversorganisaties, NGO's en campagnegroepen. Wie probeert het overheidsbeleid te beïnvloeden? Zijn er verschillen tussen sectoren en landen? En waardoor worden deze verschillen veroorzaakt? Dit project zal resulteren in een overzicht van de aantallen en soort van politiek actieve organisaties in Nederland, Duitsland, Frankrijk en het Verenigd Koninkrijk. In een recent conferentie-paper wordt de onderzoeksopzet van dit project in de context van een breder argument uitgebreider besproken, zie: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2431609
Tussen 2009 en 2012 werkte Joost Berkhout samen met Wouter van der Brug en Laura Sudulich aan het EU-gefinancierde project ´Support and Opposition to Migration´ (SOM). In deze Europese landenvergelijkende studie staat de vraag centraal waarom in sommige landen immigratie een belangrijke politieke kwestie is geworden en in andere landen minder, later of op een andere manier.
Hij is lid van de programmagroep 'Challenges to Democratic Representation' van het 'Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research' (AISSR) en van het 'Institute for Migration and Ethnic Studies' (IMES).
Joost Berkhout geeft het MA-keuzevak "Collective action and interest group politics".
Eerder doceerde hij onder andere de volgende vakken
* de Kernmodule Politieke Theorie en Politiek Gedrag (BA), over de
uitdagingen van de vertegenwoordigende democratie.
* de Specialisatiemodule Politieke Theorie en Politiek Gedrag (MA), over de opkomst van populistisch radicaal rechtse partijen,
* het Project II (BA), over politieke netwerk analyse
* en het afstudeerproject 'Collectieve actie, politieke strategie en invloed: politiek tussen de straat en de wandelgang' (MA),
Joost Berkhout is in 2010 gepromoveerd aan de Universiteit Leiden met het proefschrift getiteld Political Activities of Interest Organizations: Conflicting Interests, Converging Strategies . Hij is in 2004 afgestudeerd in Internationale Betrekkingen en Media Studies aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. In de eerste helft van 2008 was hij 'visiting researcher' aan het Europees Universitair Instituut in Florence.
List of publications
See tab for separate page for full list and pdf-versions
Joost Berkhout is assistant professor in political science specialized in research on interest organizations (research interests: mobilization, political organization, organizational ecology of interest representation, lobbying, public action, networks).
Joost Berkhout works on the project ‘Why interests organize on only some issues: Assessing the density and diversity of interest organizations in Western Europe’ (NWO-Veni, 2013-2017). This project is motivated by the puzzle that in some policy domains, such as education, development and health care, a large number and variety of organizations is politically active whereas in other domains, such as defense, banking and housing, there are only a small number of organizations active representing a relatively narrow range of interests. To date, these differences have not been systematically assessed. The research project fills this gap in the literature by describing and explaining the variation in the number (density) and character (diversity) of interest organizations in twenty policy domains in the United Kingdom, Germany, France and the Netherlands. The research design of this project is, as part of a broader argument, described in a recent conference paper: see: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2431609
This research builds upon Joost Berkhout’s doctoral research. In his PhD-dissertation Political Activities of Interest Organizations defended in 2010 in Leiden, he examined why interest organizations do what they do. In that, he points to the relationship between the population of interest organizations and the strategies that organizations pursue to influence policies. An important part of this research deals with EU-level interest representation.
Between 2009 and 2012, Joost Berkhout has been a post-doctoral researcher in the EU-funded project 'Support and Opposition to Migration' (SOM). The key research question in this study is: Why has immigration become an important political issue in some European countries but far less so (or later, of differently) in other countries? At the University of Amsterdam this project is coordinated by Wouter van der Brug and other project members include Laura Sudulich.
Joost Berkhout is a member of the programme-group 'Challenges to Democratic Representation' of the 'Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research' (AISSR) and of 'Institute for Migration and Ethnic Studies' (IMES).
Joost Berkhout teaches a graduate-level elective course titled 'Collective Action and Interest Group Politics'. Previous teaching includes courses on interest representation, political behavior, politicization of migration and MA-thesis writing class.
Joost Berkhout earned his PhD-degree at Leiden University in 2010. He has been a visiting researcher at the European University Institute in 2008. Earlier, he obtained masters and bachelors degrees in International Relations and Media Studies at the University of Amsterdam.
Political Activities of Interest Organizations: Conflicting Interests, Converging Strategies , PhD-dissertation, Universiteit Leiden, 2010
Journal articles and book contributions
Timing is Everything? Organized Interests and the Timing of Legislative Activity, with Dmitr Toshkov, Brendan Carrol, David Lowery, Interest Groups and Advocacy , advance online publication 25 September 2012
Belangen-organisaties in de Nederlandse democratie: Beleidsexperts of vertegenwoordigers?, with Caelesta Braun-Poppelaars and Marcel Hanegraaff (2011). In Rudy Andeweg and Jacques Thomassen (Eds.). Democratie doorgelicht: Het functione-ren van de Nederlandse democratie (pp. 139-159). Leiden: Leiden University Press.
'The Density of the EU Interest System: A Test of the ESA Model', with Anne Messer and David Lowery, British Journal of Political Science , 40(5), 2010
'Short-Term Volatility in the EU Interest Community', with
David Lowery, Journal of European Public Policy , 18
Data may be used by other researchers, please read note in excel sheet.
'The Changing Demography of the EU Interest System Since 1990 ', with David Lowery, European Union Politics , 11:3, 447-461, 2010
'Measuring the Sizeand Scope of the EU Interest Group Population', with Arndt Wonka, Frank Baumgartner and Christine Mahoney, European Union Politics , 11:3, 463-476, 2010
'Interest Representation in the European Union and Beyond', European Political Science, 8, 469-488, December 2009
'The European Interest System in Comparative Perspective: A Bridge too Far?', West European Politics , 31:6, 1231-1252, 2008, with David Lowery and Caelesta Poppelaars
'Counting Organized Interests in the European Union: A Comparison of Data Sources', Journal of European Public Policy , 15: 4, 489-513, 2008, with David Lowery
'Review of: The Politics of Attention by Bryan D. Jones and Frank R. Baumgartner', Acta Politica , 43:4, 504-507, 2008
'Boekbespreking: Demoraliserende overheid: Een eeuw filmbeleid van J.H.J. van den Heuvel.', Mens en Maatschappij 80:2, 2005
Deliverable 3.1: The Legal and Policy Situation of Immigrants: Country Report: the Netherlands, SOM project, July 2010, with Tamara Butter and Tesseltje de Lange
Deliverable 2.1: The Demographics of Immigration: Country Report: the Netherlands, SOM project, April 2010, with Laura Sudulich
Deliverable 5.1: Report on Work Plan, SOM project, February 2010, with Laura Sudulich
'Case Report of Political Mobilisation and Communication Strategies of Collective Actors: The Netherlands' http://europub.wz-berlin.de ., July 2004, with Josde Beus, JovankaBoerefijn and Jeannette Mak
Work in progress: conference papers etc.
Politicisation of immigration in The Netherlands, 1995-2009, with Laura Sudulich and Wouter van der Brug, paper prepared for presentation at the IMISCOE conference in Amsterdam, August 2012
Does party system change matter? The effect of party system change on political claimsmaking on migration and integration in the Netherlands, 1995-2009, with Laura Sudulich and Wouter van der Brug, Paper prepared for presentation at the Politicologen EtmaalMay 2012, Amsterdam
Ruedin, Didier and Berkhout, Joost, Patterns of Claims-Making on Civic Integration and Migration in Europe: Are Muslims Different? (May 8, 2012). SOM Working Paper No. 2012-08 . Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2054411 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2054411
The dependencies of independent agencies: Ties of regulators with politics, the regulated sector and expertsin the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, with Christel Koop, Paper presented at the ECPR General Conference, Section 61 - Organised Civil Society in Europe, Panel 173 - Interest Organisation Populations inEurope, Reykjavik, Iceland, August 2011
Patterns of politicization: A three-country comparison on the evolution of the migration issue in response to 9/11, with Wouter van der Brug and Laura Sudulich, Paper prepared for the ECPR General conference in Reykjavik, Iceland. August 2011
'An exchange theory of the activities of interest organizations', Paper presentedat the NIG conference November 2010, Panel 4: Interest Groups and the Policy Process: Revisiting Research on State-Society Relations in Multi-layered Political Systems
Politicisation of migration in the Netherlands, 1995-2009, with Wouter van der Brug and Laura Sudulich, paperpresented at the IMISCOE conference in Amsterdam, August 2012
SEE FULL VACANCY DESCRIPTION ON THE OFFICAL JOBS SECTION
Prepare a PhD thesis within one of the projects described below and participate in the broader research networks of which these are a part, both within the department and internationally. The projects are embedded in the programme group ‘Challenges to Democratic Representation’ of the Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research (AISSR).
More detailed descriptions of the projects are available via links above.
Project: ‘Agendas and Interest Groups’, funded by a NWO-ORA grant and coordinated by Joost Berkhout
The influence of interest groups in politics poses potential threats to democracy. The challenges of collective action predict that the groups most likely to be represented will have concentrated economic interests or intensely held beliefs, resulting in policies at odds with general public opinion. While such biases in representation are clear in theory, there is scant systematic evidence of disproportionate influence over government by a specific subset of interest groups. Agendas and Interest Groups is a comparative project that for the first time will address concerns about the role of interest group influence by focusing attention on policy agendas and analyzing the circumstances under which specific types of groups and citizens find their issues represented before government. To estimate the degree of congruence between the concerns of citizens and the policy agendas of interest groups and government, we will interview representatives from a random sample of 100 interest groups in each of our four countries (UK, Netherlands, USA, and Germany), survey the general public in each country about their policy wishes, and track three specific issues in each of three policy areas in each country. The Amsterdam part of this project specifically focusses on the agenda of interest groups as may be observed in their position statements, internal media or expressed in interviews.
Project: ‘The rise of firm lobbying: Towards new state-firm relations in Germany and the Netherlands?’, this is a collaboration between the Duitsland Instituut Amsterdam (DIA) and the Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research (AISSR) and coordinated by Marcel Hanegraaff
Corporations increasingly lobby alone rather than via business interest associations. This trend is especially puzzling in countries that have traditionally provided exclusive arrangements for employers’ associations in the political process, such as in Netherlands and Germany. Why do we observe an increase of firm lobbying in both Germany and the Netherlands, while institutional configurations in both countries are specifically designed to channel their lobbying activities via encompassing associations? Moreover, what are the differences in that regard between the Netherlands and Germany? And can this be explained by a change in the traditional restrictive political institutional set-up in both countries or other factors? We study corporate political activities from the Second World War onwards. This allows us to evaluate the effect of major transformations in that time period. These are, most notably, changes in (1) the political institutional set-up such as those caused by European integration, (2) social changes such as depillarization and (3) economic transformations such as the globalization of markets and de-industrialisation. We examine this in a longitudinal, comparative manner, also accounting for differences between economic sectors.
- Berkhout, J., Hanegraaff, M., & Braun, C. (2017). Is the EU different? Comparing the diversity of national and EU-level systems of interest organisations. West European Politics, 1-23. DOI: 10.1080/01402382.2017.1308695
- Berkhout, J., & Ruedin, D. (2017). Why religion? Immigrant groups as objects of political claims on immigration and civic integration in Western Europe, 1995–2009. Acta Politica, 52(2), 156-178. DOI: 10.1057/ap.2016.1 [details]
- Berkhout, D. J., Hanegraaff, M. C., Beyers, J., Braun, C., & Lowery, D. (in press). Making Inference across Mobilization and Influence Research: Comparing Top-Down and Bottom-Up Mapping of Interest Systems. Political Studies.
- van de Wardt, M., Berkhout, J., & Vermeulen, F. (2017). Ecologies of Ideologies: Explaining Party Entry and Exit in West-European Parliaments, 1945-2013. European Union Politics, 18(2), 239-259. DOI: 10.1177/1465116516670266 [details]
- Berkhout, J. (2015). Technical appendix: political claims analysis. In W. van der Brug, G. D' Amato, J. Berkhout, & D. Ruedin (Eds.), The politicisation of migration (pp. 197-206). (Extremism and democracy). London; New York: Routledge. [details]
- Berkhout, J., Carroll, B. J., Braun, C., Chalmers, A. W., Destrooper, T., Lowery, D., ... Rasmussen, A. (2015). Interest organizations across economic sectors: explaining interest group density in the European Union. Journal of European Public Policy, 22(4), 462-480. DOI: 10.1080/13501763.2015.1008549 [details]
- Berkhout, J., Ruedin, D., van der Brug, W., & D' Amato, G. (2015). Research design. In W. van der Brug, G. D' Amato, J. Berkhout, & D. Ruedin (Eds.), The politicisation of migration (pp. 19-30). (Extremism and democracy). London; New York: Routledge. [details]
- Berkhout, J., Sudulich, L., & van der Brug, W. (2015). The politicisation of immigration in the Netherlands. In W. van der Brug, G. D' Amato, J. Berkhout, & D. Ruedin (Eds.), The politicisation of migration (pp. 97-118). (Extremism and democracy). London; New York: Routledge. [details]
- van der Brug, W., D' Amato, G., Berkhout, J., & Ruedin, D. (2015). A framework for studying the politicisation of immigration. In W. van der Brug, G. D' Amato, J. Berkhout, & D. Ruedin (Eds.), The politicisation of migration (pp. 1-18). (Extremism and democracy). London; New York: Routledge. [details]
- van der Brug, W., Ruedin, D., Berkhout, J., & Cunningham, K. (2015). Cross-country comparisons and conclusions. In W. van der Brug, G. D' Amato, J. Berkhout, & D. Ruedin (Eds.), The politicisation of migration (pp. 179-196). (Extremism and democracy). London; New York: Routledge. [details]
- van der Brug, W., & Berkhout, J. (2015). The effect of associative issue ownership on parties’ presence in the news media. West European Politics, 38(4), 869-887. DOI: 10.1080/01402382.2015.1039379 [details]
- Lowery, D., Baumgartner, F. R., Berkhout, J., Berry, J. M., Halpin, D., Hojnacki, M., ... Schlozman, K. L. (2015). Images of an unbiased interest system. Journal of European Public Policy, 22(8), 1212-1231. DOI: 10.1080/13501763.2015.1049197 [details]
- Berkhout, J. (2013). Why interest organizations do what they do: assessing the explanatory potential of ‘exchange’ approaches. Interest Groups & Advocacy, 2(2), 227-250. DOI: 10.1057/iga.2013.6 [details]
- Toshkov, D., Lowery, D., Carroll, B., & Berkhout, J. (2013). Timing is everything? Organized interests and the timing of legislative activity. Interest Groups & Advocacy, 2(1), 48-70. DOI: 10.1057/iga.2012.14 [details]
- Berkhout, J., & Lowery, D. (2011). Short-term volatility in the EU interest community. Journal of European Public Policy, 18(1), 1-16. DOI: 10.1080/13501763.2011.520868 [details]
- Braun-Poppelaars, C., Berkhout, J., & Hanegraaff, M. (2011). Belangenorganisaties in de Nederlandse democratie: beleidsexperts of vertegenwoordigers? In R. Andeweg, & J. Thomassen (Eds.), Democratie doorgelicht: het functioneren van de Nederlandse democratie (pp. 139-159). Leiden: Leiden University Press. [details]
- Berkhout, J., & Lowery, D. (2010). The changing demography of the EU interest system since 1990. European Union Politics, 11(3), 447-461. DOI: 10.1177/1465116510369264 [details]
- Messer, A., Berkhout, J., & Lowery, D. (2010). The density of the EU interest system: a test of the ESA model. British Journal of Political Science, 40(5), 161-190. DOI: 10.1017/S0007123409990329 [details]
- Wonka, A., Baumgartner, F., Mahoney, C., & Berkhout, J. (2010). Measuring the size and scope of the EU interest group population. European Union Politics, 11(3), 463-476. DOI: 10.1177/1465116510369267 [details]
- Berkhout, J., & Lowery, D. (2008). Counting organized interests in the European Union: a comparison of data sources. Journal of European Public Policy, 15(4), 489-513. DOI: 10.1080/13501760801996683 [details]
- Lowery, D., Poppelaars, C., & Berkhout, J. (2008). The European Union interest system in comparative perspective: a bridge too far? West European Politics, 31(6), 1231-1252. DOI: 10.1080/01402380802372670 [details]
- Berkhout, J. (2017). Lobby in daglicht: een eerlijker politiek speelveld? B en M : Tijdschrift voor Beleid, Politiek en Maatschappij, 44(1), 85-87. DOI: 10.5553/BenM/138900692017044001013
- Berkhout, J. (2015). Change and continuity in the composition of the lobby community in the European Union: lobby explosion and lobby tourism? In P. A. Shotton, & P. G. Nixon (Eds.), Lobbying the European Union: changing minds, changing times (pp. 17-32). Farnham: Ashgate. [details]
- Berkhout, J. (2015). Interest organization demography research in Europe. In D. Lowery, D. Halpin, & V. Gray (Eds.), The organization ecology of interest communities: assessment and agenda (pp. 37-60). (Interest groups, advocacy and democracy series). Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. DOI: 10.1057/9781137514318_3 [details]
- Berkhout, J., Butter, T., & de Lange, T. (2012). Legal and policy situation of immigrants: the Netherlands. (SOM Working Papers; No. 2012-06). SOM. [details]
- Berkhout, J., & Sudulich, L. (2011). Demographics of immigration: the Netherlands. (SOM Working Papers; No. 2011-07). SOM. [details]
- Berkhout, J., & Sudulich, L. (2009). D5.1 Report on work plan. SOM. [details]
- Berkhout, D. J., Hanegraaff, M. C., & Braun, C. Comparative Interest Group Survey Dutch Dataset: http://www.cigsurvey.eu/data/
- Berkhout, D. J. Support and Opposition to Migration Dataverse: https://dataverse.harvard.edu/dataverse/som
- Berkhout, J. (2008): Co-organizer of the panel: Media and democracy: Building consent over Europe?, Annual conference, Edinburgh.
- Berkhout, J. (2008): Organizer panel originating from the UACES Specialist Group 'Media and Communication in Europe', September 1, The UACES Conference 'Exchanging Ideas on Europe 2008; Rethinking the European Union'..
- Berkhout, J. (2008): Organizer/ chair panel: Comparative Perspectives in Interest Group Research., the Third Central European University Graduate Conference in Socal Sciences..
- Berkhout, Joost (22-11-2017): Schaduwmacht: bestaat die Haagse banencarrousel nou echt? Nieuwsuur. Schaduwmacht: bestaat die Haagse banencarrousel nou echt? (Nieuwsuur).
- van der Brug, W., D' Amato, G., Berkhout, J., & Ruedin, D. (2015). The politicisation of migration. (Extremism and democracy). London; New York: Routledge. [details]
Talk / presentation
- Berkhout, J. (invited speaker) (28-7-2015): Mobilization and Interest Communities, ECPR Standing Group Interest Groups Summer School, Hamburg.
- Berkhout, J. (invited speaker) (12-6-2015): De aard en omvang van het systeem van belangenbehartiging: aantal en soort organisaties, Wetenschapsmarkt Beroepsvereniging Public Affairs, Den Haag.
- Berkhout, J. (invited speaker) (2-12-2014): Representational bias and changes in the Brussels-based interest group population, INTEREURO outreach conference at the Centre for European Policy Studies, Brussels.
- Berkhout, Joost (speaker) (30-5-2013): An ‘explosion’ of lobbyists? Change and continuity in the numbers and types of interest organizations in Brussels since the early nineties, Influencing EU Politics: Mobilization and Representation of European Civil Society, Friedrichshafen, Germany.
- Berkhout, Joost (speaker) (1-11-2012): Politisering van migratie en integratie in West Europa, 1995-2009, Onderzoeksmiddag Ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken, 1 november, Den Haag , Den Haag, Netherlands.
- Berkhout, Joost (speaker) (27-9-2012): The Politicisation of migration in Europe, The Politicisation of migration in Europe, Brussels, Belgium.
- Berkhout, Joost (participant) (20-10-2016 - 21-10-2016): Lobbying influence: New research questions, new lobbying practices? (organising a conference, workshop, ...).
- Berkhout, J. (organiser) (23-10-2015): Workshop "Counting and Classifying Interest Organizations: Towards Common Ground?", Amsterdam (organising a conference, workshop, ...).
- No ancillary activities